How the lyne arm on a still can affect Scotch whisky flavour
The lyne arm (or lye pipe) – the part of the still that joins the column and neck to the condenser system – has a big impact on reflux.
(Reflux – explained in this post – is a physical process that occurs inside the still during the distillation process.)
Specifically, it is the angle at which the lyne arm points towards the condenser that is of particular importance.
If it slopes upwards from the still to the top of the condensers, vapour will likely condense into liquid in the pipe and fall back down into the still, enhancing reflux. An ascending lyne arm – and therefore more reflux – typically makes for a light, refined and floral spirit character.
If it slopes downwards from the still, liquid generated will flow down into the condenser (rather than falling back into the pot), meaning there is less reflux. A descending lyne arm – and therefore less reflux – typically makes for a heavier, oilier spirit.
A straight lyne arm will not impact the character of the spirit with regards to reflux.
Studying the pot stills at a distillery and understanding how the slope of the lye pipe can affect flavour allows you to make an educated guess at the potential character of new make spirit coming off the still… test your theory on the final product.
You can learn more about all of this in the Batch Distillation module of the Certificate in Scotch Whisky. Try the course out for free and access a varied selection of interactive lessons at the click of a button. You don’t need your credit card and there’s no obligation to buy. Simply see for yourself the wealth of knowledge available, how the platform feels to use and so on.
Ready to give it a go? The certified whisky connoisseur within you is waiting.